After learning the indicative form, any foreign student who would like to improve their Spanish should learn the Spanish subjunctive form. This is the moment when you notice that there are some difficulties in learning the Spanish language. However, it is not difficult at all! Here are some tips for you to not be afraid to learn the Spanish subjunctive and they will help you to understand and master it without any problems.
First of all, we must emphasize that the subjunctive form can be learned. The subjunctive expresses an attitude of a person about something or someone where you mostly would use another verb to understand the meaning of that attitude. It is common in subordinate clauses to start with the word WAT, but beware not all clauses that starts with WAT are subordinate. Also, the subjunctive form is used imperatively.
Be aware, when you learn Spanish in Spain, it is better to have some concepts prepared in advance. The subjunctive is not a verbal tense; it is a mood, just like the indicative form. And within it, there will be verbal tenses. Not studying it as you studied the indefinite and imperfect form will not help you. Furthermore, note that the subjunctive is generally used, and when you learn Spanish and talk normally, without realizing it, you will use the subjunctive as well like all Spaniards. Examples:
- Os compraré lo QUE me pedís – In subjunctive: Os compraré lo QUE pidáis.
I´ll buy what you ask me I´ll buy whatever you ask
- Os regalaré todo lo QUE queráis – In subjunctive: Os regalaré lo QUE queráis.
I´ll give all you want I´ll give whatever you want
But, it is better to use the subjunctive during your daily life as a student in Spain. It is good to know it in situations as:
- Cuando sea mayor, seré bióloga.
When I grow up, I will be a biologist.
- Es extraño que haga tanto calor en enero.
It is strange that it is so hot in January.
- Espero que seáis muy felices en vuestro viaje.
I hope you´ll be happy in jour journey.
Another benefit of learning the Spanish subjunctive, and not being afraid of it, is that you can talk in actions such as these: to make promises in Spanish, describing what to look for, to say good things, to make plans for the future, to evaluate facts and also to convey the words of others, your own emotions or expressing a possibility. For instance:
- Laura me ha dicho que vaya a comprar al supermercado
Laura has told me to go grocery shopping.
- Me ilusiona haber conocido Valencia, ¡es maravillosa!
I look forward in getting to know Valencia, it is wonderful!
- Quizás llueva el domingo
Maybe it rains on Sunday.
You see, the Spanish subjunctive is used more than you think and sure you will learn it without realizing it. One last tip: before studying first master the indicative and the imperative form, it will help you to understand the morphology of the present subjunctive.